Pide – Turkish Flat Bread / Pizza


Pide is the famous baked Turkish flat bread that comes stuffed with a variety of toppings, including cheese, sausage, spiced meat and spinach. You could say it’s a cousin of Gozleme, only Pide dough is fluffier and more bread-like, and usually open-faced. It’s often described as a Turkish pizza.

Greasy, gut-busting takeaway Pides sold at neon-lit corner kebab shops have long been my secret food shame. But shame no more: here is a delicious homemade version that trumps takeaway 10 times over – and then some!

Platter of freshly cooked Pide ready to be eaten
Close up of Turkish Sausage Pide

Pide

Turkish Pide has been my Secret Food Shame* for as long as I can remember. Not authentic, freshly made Pide made lovingly by the hands of someone’s Turkish grandma. I’m talking about the greasy, low-rent versions sold from hot glass cabinets at late night takeaway shops, filled with cheap cheese and piles of meat shaved from giant Doner Kebab punching bags turning lazily on vertical rotisseries.

It’s a bit wrong, I know, but I cannot help myself. I have always had a soft spot for bad takeaway Pide. What can I say? When you’re nursing a hangover or battle wounds from a bad week at work, cheese + bread + tasty toppings will do it every every time!

But like all things, there’s a time and place. Pide can be trash food but it can also be incredible, and go toe-to-toe with the best artisan Italian pizzas. Made totally from scratch like today’s recipe, it’s apples and oranges to the takeaway junk – even a chronic takeaway Pide tragic like me will admit it!

* Food you secretly love but are ashamed to be caught eating. Think: McDonald’s drive-through. The Dirty Bird (aka KFC). Panda Express. Instant mac and cheese. We are all guilty!

Close up of Spinach Pide with Egg

What is Pide, actually?

Originating from Turkey, Pide is an oval-shaped flatbread baked with various combinations of toppings or stuffings. Spiced mince meat (Kiymali Pide) is common, as are versions with spinach, and also Turkish beef sausage (sujuk).

Pronounced pee-dae, Pide is typically open-faced, though sometimes you also see closed versions. In the latter, the filling is completely sealed within the bread. While both are delicious, the extra flavour you get from the toppings sizzling away in the oven is irresistible to me, so that’s the version I’ve opted for today!

Traditionally, Pide is cooked in a stone oven, but this recipe today is for a boring old home oven. 🙂 We will survive!


How to make Turkish Pide

In this section, I’m going to step through how to make Pide, from the dough through to assembly and baking. I’ll also cover how to make each of the topping variations. A content summary:

  1. Pide dough

    • Making the dough

    • Assembling the pide

  2. Three topping variations:

    • About Kasar Turkish cheese (substitute mozzarella)

    • #1: Spinach topping

    • #2: Turkish sausage (sujuk / sujuk)

    • #3: Spiced lamb (Kiymali Pide)

    • The sprinkled finishes for Pide

Heads up!: This section is quite long because I walk through each step, including the ingredients for the three topping options. My goal is to provide enough information so even those of you who are not experienced using yeast are armed with all the information you need to make this. You’ve got this! I promise!

(If you’re an old hand at all things baking and don’t need this level of information, just skip to the recipe or recipe video!)


1. Pide dough

Pide dough ingredients

Here’s what goes in the Pide dough:

Ingredients in Turkish Pide bread
  • Flour – Bread flour produces a slightly fluffier, softer bread than using plain / all-purpose flour. It also has a slightly better chew, a key characteristic that distinguishes bread from, say, cake which has a tender, crumbly crumb by contrast.

    The difference between bread flour and plain flour however is actually quite marginal, so I’m not going to insist on it as strongly as I do in other recipes where using bread flour really makes a difference (eg. like, say, in our favourite Crusty Artisan Bread). So for this recipe, I recommend using bread flour only if you have it. If you don’t, I wouldn’t make a special trip to the supermarket because this is excellent made with all-purpose / plain flour too;

  • Yeast – Instant / rapid-rise yeast is called for here. The recipe also works with standard active / dry yeast, but we discovered during the naan recipe project (or odyssey rather!) that flatbreads are slightly fluffier and softer using instant yeast;

  • Sugar – The yeast feeds on sugar to activate, bloom and do its yeasty thing. Without sugar, the mixture won’t become foamy nor will the dough rise as much; and

  • Warm water – The other things yeast needs to get it alive and kicking. You do not want scorching hot water as this will kill the yeast. Nor do you want too cold, as this slows the yeast activation significantly, and the mixture will never become foamy which means the dough won’t rise. Blood temperature is about right.


How to make Pide Dough

BLOOM THE YEAST

First step: Let’s get the yeast activated and ready to work its magic on our dough.

How to make Turkish Pide
  1. Mix instant yeast with warm water and sugar – Once mixed, leave it for 10 minutes to bloom, ie. become foamy. This is not a typical step you see in bread-making when using instant yeast. Usually the whole point of instant yeast is that you can add it straight into dough without mixing with warm water and letting it foam first.

    But when creating my naan recipe, we found that blooming instant yeast in a warm water and sugar solution first makes flatbreads fluffier and softer. It’s also an excellent safety test to ensure your yeast is still alive. Foamy yeast in water = alive, no foam = dead yeast! That’s right, dried yeast stored in a jar eventually dies (that’s what the expiry means – but actually it starts to degrade well before that). Nothing is worse than discovering your yeast is dead by taking out a cooked bread loaf from the oven that’s rock hard and flat!

  2. Foam test – So we do our yeast foam test to avoid all this potential heartbreak. This is what it looks like after 10 minutes. Foamy, good!

MAKE THE DOUGH

The dough can be made either by hand or using a stand mixer.

How to make Turkish Pide
  1. Mix ingredients – Mix the flour and salt together. Then mix in the yeast mixture, olive oil and remaining warm water. Start off by stirring with a wooden spoon or spatula, but once the flour is incorporated you will find it too stiff to stir. At this point, switch to your hands and start kneading;

  2. Knead 10 minutes – If you’ve got the arm muscles and enjoy the kneading process, you can knead the old-school way by hand on a lightly floured surface. It will take about 8 to 10 minutes to make the dough transform from rough and tight to smooth and elastic (see Step 6 above for before-and-after visuals);

  3. Stand mixer option – Alternatively, if you’ve got a stand mixer, let it do the hard work for you. 3 minutes on speed 6 is all the takes;

  4. How to tell the dough is kneaded enough – Hold the dough in your hands then pull the sides down to stretch the surface. If the surface breaks and is bumpy (like pictured on the left in photo #6), then the dough is not yet ready. If the dough surface is smooth, stretches apart and does not break, then it’s ready!

RISE DOUGH 1 TO 1.5 HOURS – LET IT DOUBLE IN SIZE

How to make Turkish Pide
  1. Proof dough – Once the dough has been kneaded, shape it into a ball. Lightly grease the insides of the used bowl, and place the dough inside. Smear the dough surface with oil. This is to stop anything from sticking to the surface as it rises (eg. if the cling wrap sags).

    Cover with cling wrap and put the bowl somewhere warm to let it proof – about 1 – 1.5 hours, until it has doubled in volume.

    When seeking a warm place to let the dough rise, remember that the warmer it is, the faster it will rise. Do not put it in direct sunlight, it’s too strong and will dry out the dough. CHEEKY TIP: Use your dryer! Run it for a few minutes to warm it up, then place the dough in and close the door. It’s a draught-free, warm and cosy environment your dough will love!

  2. Doubled in volume – The dough pictured above is after proofing for 1 hour, and is just over double in size. It’s ok if it more than doubles, but if the dough rises too much (as in, more than triple), then the yeast can run out of oomph and not rise properly when cooked. Try to limit proofing to doubling in size!

Rise #2

How to make Turkish Pide
  1. Deflate and halve – Once the dough has doubled in size, punch it down to deflate completely. Turn it out on to a work surface then cut into two equal pieces;

  2. Shape into ball – Pull down the sides of the dough to stretch the surface so it’s nice and smooth, gathering the dough on the underside of the ball. Then shape it into a neat sphere;

  3. Rise again for 15 minutes, 50% increase in size – Place the balls on a lightly floured tray (smooth ball surface up), and cover with a tea towel. Leave to rise in a warm place for 15 minutes until they increase in size by about 50%. It usually doesn’t take as long as the first rise;

  4. After rising – Photo #12 is what they look like after 15 minutes. Ready to roll out and cook!

Assembling and baking the Pide

Dough done, now it’s time to assemble! I walk through the making of each of the toppings further below.

Roll out the dough

How to make Turkish Pide
  1. Roll out – Take a piece of dough and place it on a lightly floured surface. Then roll it out into a 40 x 20cm (16 x 8″) oval shape that is around 20cm / 8″ wide at the widest point;

  2. Semolina under the base (optional) – Store-bought Pide often has some semolina sprinkled under the base. The tiny ball bearing-like grains serves a double purpose of making sure the Pide doesn’t stick to the tray when transferring to the stone ovens using a paddle, as well as providing a touch of extra crunch. It’s only on the base, not on the folded sides.

    To replicate this, sprinkle a bit of semolina on the tray, covering an area 40 x 15cm (16 x 6″) which is the approximate footprint of the Pide. Then transfer the rolled out dough on to the tray, covering the semolina.

    Transferring the dough: The dough is sturdy enough to pick up with your hands. Out of habit, in the recipe video you will see me roll it around a rolling pin then unroll it onto the tray (I do this with more fragile pastries like shortcrust and sweet tart crusts);

Assembling the Pide

How to make Turkish Pide
  1. Topping – Sprinkle the pide with cheese then your topping combo of choice (spinach, Turkish sausage and spiced lamb are the three filling options I’m providing today). Leave a 2cm (4/5″) border all around for folding the sides in;

  2. Brush ends with water – Brush the pointy ends with water to help the dough ends stick together when you seal the Pide;

  3. Pinch ends together to seal, crimping one edge slightly over the other if needed to make it hold;

  4. Fold sides in – then fold the sides in, pressing a crease in the dough as needed to make it stay in place;

  5. Bake for 15 minutes at 240° / 465°F (220°C fan). This hot oven will give the bread some nice colour and beautiful caramelisation on the surface of the toppings, which the lamb mince and Turkish sausage options really benefit from;

  6. Voila! Done! The bread should have some nice golden colour on it. The base will be nice and crispy while the inside of the bread will be deliciously soft and fluffy.

    Finally, sprinkle with finishes / garnishes of choice (see below). Devour while hot!

Overhead photo of Spinach Pide

Here’s a close up photo of inside the bread. You can see how there’s nice large irregular size holes, a clear sign of how fluffy this bread is. Just because it’s a flatbread, that’s no excuse for dense bread!!

Showing the inside of Turkish Pide Bread

TOPPINGS

OK! Pide basics covered, now moving on to the topping details. We’re on the home stretch here, friends!

1. Cheese for Pide: Turkish kasar

Let’s start with the cheese – because cheese always matters! 😂

The traditional cheese used for Pide is called kasar and it’s a Turkish cheese made from sheep’s milk sometimes mixed with a bit of goat’s milk. It has a similar taste, texture and melting qualities of for example, mozzarella. So if you can’t find it, use mozzarella instead.

This is what it looks like. This was purchased from a Turkish grocery store called Gima Supermarket in Auburn (Sydney).


2. Spinach Pide

Let’s kick off with the easiest topping: spinach!

Ingredients in Spinach Pide topping

To prepare the spinach topping, simply sauté the onion then add the spinach to wilt it. Finally mix in some subtle flavourings (cumin, salt, pepper).

Let the spinach filling cool before using so it doesn’t make the dough wet from the spinach steam, and so the Pide rises better.

How to make Turkish Pide

The Spinach Pide below is finished with tulum cheese (more on this below, substitute with feta) and a sprinkle of sumac for a fresh, lemony flavour.

Freshly cooked Spinach Pide ready to be eaten

3. Turkish sausage (sujuk or sucuk)

Sujuk is a spiced Turkish cured beef sausage with intense garlic, cumin, sumac and herb flavours. It is semi-cured and has a softer texture than, say, salami and is sold refrigerated.

The best substitute is chorizo, which has similar cooking qualities and fattiness. Though it doesn’t have quite the same flavour profile (chorizo has strong garlic and paprika / pimentòn seasonings), it has very similar intensity of flavour and importantly, fattiness.

The other thing just to note is that chorizo is made from pork so it’s not used in Turkey, which has a predominantly Muslim population.

Note: I used chorizo in the recipe video because I ran out of Sujuk!

If you are keen to experience the real thing, you can find sujuk at Turkish and some Eastern European / Continental grocery stores. The sausage pictured below is from the Turkish Gima Supermarket in Auburn (Sydney).

Ingredients in Turkish Sausage Pide topping
Pictured in this photo is chorizo, the perfect substitute for Sujuk – they’re really similar!

To prepare the Turkish sausage, chop it roughly then blitz to mince it up so it can be scattered across the pide. The effect of blitzing is twofold – for better coverage of the sausage across the surface of the pide, and also to release flavour. It’s so much tastier than just scattering the pide with chopped sausage! However if you prefer, you can just dice finely or slice.

How to make Turkish Pide

The sprinkling finishes I chose to for the Turkish Sausage Pide (err, well, Chorizo Pide in this photo!) are Turkish tulum cheese (substitute feta) and oregano.

Turkish Sausage Pide on a tray, fresh out of the oven

4. Lamb Pide (Kiymali Pide)

And here’s what goes into the spiced lamb topping:

Ingredients in Lamb Pide topping

Some notes on a few of these ingredients:

  • Lamb – The mince can be substituted with beef mince, but lamb is more traditional;

  • Baharat spice mix – Baharat is a Middle Eastern spice mix that can be purchased ready-made, or you can make your own. Recipes vary but the one I buy has paprika, cumin, coriander, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, cardamom. I bought mine from Harris Farm Market in Sydney. It’s also carried by Middle Eastern some Continental grocery stores, and spice shops. Aussies: Heads up! The spice mix sold by Woolworths labelled “Baharat” isn’t the right flavouring! I don’t recommend it.

For the making part, there’s nothing tricky here. Sauté the onions, cook off the mince, then add everything else and cook it down until all the juices from the tomato evaporates. We don’t want the lamb filling to be wet otherwise it will tend to make the bread soggy.

How to make Turkish Pide
Pide lamb topping in a pot

For the Lamb Pide, I garnished with sesame seeds and fresh coriander / cilantro. The bright green from the herb breaks up the sea of browns nicely, I think. 🙂 I also sprinkled with a pinch of sumac because the tangy freshness of this sour dried berry plays well against the spicing of the lamb, but you can’t see it in my photos!

Close up of Lamb Pide freshly cooked

Sprinkling finishes and garnishes (optional)

Traditional Pide is typically sprinkled with a variety of garnishes just before serving. However I wouldn’t say it’s essential, it’s more an optional extra.

Here are some of the more common options which I’ve chosen to use. These are just ideas! So mix and match as you wish – no need to use all of them!

  • Tulum Turkish Cheese (pictured below) – Think of this as a kind of Turkish feta, it crumbles and tastes very similar to it! However it is slightly less salty. The can of tulum pictured below was purchased from a Turkish grocery called Gima Supermarket in Auburn (Sydney). Substitute with feta!

  • Dried oregano;

  • Sesame seeds;

  • Sumac – This dried and ground, maroon-coloured berry has a unique lemony flavour and widely used in Middle Eastern cuisine. It not only adds a nice splash of colour (especially when sprinkled on the white tulum) but a also the fresh tang plays off nicely against rich cheese and meats;

  • Fresh coriander / cilantro leaves – Always welcome for a splash of colour and freshness;

  • Extra virgin olive oil – For drizzling

A combination of any of the above will work with any of the Pide topping options I’m covering today. I’ve listed the combinations I used in the recipe card.


And now it’s your turn!

And with that, my friends, you are now armed with everything you need to know to make your very own homemade Turkish pide!!

I know this is a long post but it’s actually quite straightforward to make. Don’t be daunted – I covered 3 different topping options, whereas one batch of the recipe requires only one topping if you choose. As I mentioned earlier, I just wanted to ensure you have all the information you need to make Pide, even if you’re new to baking with yeast.

If you’re on the fence about whether to make this or not – well, let me put it this way. Traditional Turkish Pide is few and far between here in Sydney. Even Turkish restaurants are a bit hit and miss, especially if they’re not made fresh. I have tried many in my time and while “researching” for this recipe! Too often the topping is disappointingly dry or worse still, skimpy. Or the bread is too yeasty (a common offence!), or it’s too dry and crispy, rather than pillowy soft and moist inside with just the right amount of crispy on the outside.

I may be a trash-pide lover too but you can see I’m also fussy about my pide when I want to be! Hence I created this homemade recipe, which ticks all my Pide boxes. And I’m confident it will yours too! – Nagi x

PS. This is excellent fun food for sharing with family and friends. Assemble multiple pides ready for baking, then bake them 2 at a time in the oven. Just keep them coming out, one after the other!


Watch how to make it

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Pide – Turkish Flat Bread / Pizza

Servings2 pide

Tap or hover to scale

Recipe video above. It’s hard to get great pide outside of Turkey. It’s hit and miss, even at Turkish places. So make it yourself! Easier than you think, and it will tick all your Pide boxes: pillowy soft bread inside with a crispy base, generous on the toppings. SO GOOD!Makes 2 pide around 40cm/16″ long. Generous meal for 2 people, normal meal for 3 people!TOPPINGS – Choose only 1. Each batch is enough to top 2 pides.

Ingredients

Turkish Sausage Topping (Sujuk):

Sprinkling Finishes – Choose (Note 11):

Instructions

Pide Dough:

  • Bloom yeast: Mix yeast with 2 tbsp warm water and sugar in a small bowl. Cover with cling wrap, leave for 10 minutes until foamy.

  • Make Dough: Mix together flour and salt in a large bowl or stand mixer bowl. Add the yeast mixture, olive oil and remaining 2/3 cups water. Mix together with a wooden spoon. Once the flour is mostly incorporated, switch to your hands and bring it together into a dough.

  • Knead: Sprinkle work surface with 1 tbsp flour, then knead for 8 to 10 minutes by hand OR 3 minutes on speed 6 of a stand mixer. Dough is kneaded enough when it’s smooth and does not break when stretched – see photos video for before/after comparison. (Note 8)

  • Rise 1: Shape into a ball. Smear inside of used bowl with a bit of olive oil, place dough inside. Cover with cling wrap and rise in warm place for 1.5 hours, or until doubled in size. (Note 9)

  • Rise 2: Punch dough down to fully deflate, then divide into 2 equal pieces. Pull the sides down to form a “money bag” so the top is smooth, underside is bunched up. Shape into ball and place on a lightly floured tray, smooth side up. Sprinkle surface with flour, then cover with damp tea towel. Rise 1 hour until doubled in size.

Assembling & Baking Pide:

  • Preheat oven to 240°C/465°F (220°C fan). Place shelf on the top and middle.

  • Roll: Roll dough out on a lightly floured surface into an oval shape 40cm/16″ long and 20cm/8″ wide (widest point).

  • Prepare 2 trays: Sprinkle 1/4 tsp semolina on each tray, 40cm/16″ long and 15cm/6″ wide. (Note 10)

  • Top Pide: Place a rolled out dough on the semolina. Sprinkle with cheese, then sprinkle chosen Topping evenly across the surface, leaving a 2cm / 4/5″ border all around.

  • Fold dough: Brush the ends with water. Pinch ends together to seal then fold the sides of the pide in.

  • Bake: Bake 15 minutes, switching trays halfway, until the crust is golden.

  • Egg option: Bake pide for 10 minutes, then crack the egg on top and return to oven for 5 minutes. This applies to all Pide – egg can be added for any of them!

  • Top & Serve: Sprinkle with toppings of choice. (Note 11 for combos I used). Cut into 3cm / 1.3″ slices and serve!

Spinach Topping:

  • Heat oil in a skillet over medium heat. Cook onion and garlic for 3 minutes until translucent. Add spinach, cook until just wilted (add in batches if necessary). Stir in cumin, salt & pepper. Cool before using.

Lamb Topping:

  • Heat oil in a skillet over medium high heat. Cook garlic and onion for 3 minutes until soft. Add lamb and cook until it changes from pink to brown. Add tomato paste, Baharat, cumin, salt, pepper and cook for 3 minutes.

  • Add capsicum, tomato and lemon juice, then cook over medium heat until most of the liquid evaporates (a couple of minutes usually, though depends on juiciness of tomato). Cool before using.

Recipe Notes:

1. Yeast – recipe works with dry active yeast too, but the bread is a bit softer with instant yeast. Also note, rapid-rise/instant yeast normally does not need to activated in warm water but during testing of our naan recipe we discovered that by blooming instant yeast, breads are softer (in some cases) than adding the instant yeast directly into the dough.
If yeast does not go foamy in the blooming step, then your yeast is dead. Time to get another!
To use normal active dry yeast, use the same quantity as instant yeast.
2. Warm water – If you don’t have a thermometer, the test is that it should be a temp you’d happily take a bath in. Not scorching hot – it kills the yeast. If too cold, yeast will not activate.
3. Bread flour has a higher protein than plain/all purpose so breads have a nice chew/elasticity to them. I wouldn’t make a special trip to get bread flour because it’s still great with plain flour. But if making to impress, get bread flour!
4. Kasar cheese – a Turkish cheese made from sheep’s milk and sometimes a bit of goats milk mixed in, melts and stretches well. I got this from a Turkish grocery store. Sub with mozzarella – it is very, very similar.
5. Sujuk sausage – Turkish beef sausage used for Pide. Substitute with chorizo – it’s extremely similar in flavour intensity though flavouring itself is different. And it is made with pork not beef.
6. Baharat spice mix – Middle Eastern spice mix, sold in ethnic specialty stores and also Harris Farms. (Australia, the Baharat spice sold at Woolworths is the wrong flavour!)
Make your own Baharat spice mix – mix and measure out 1 tsp for recipe:

  • 1 tsp paprika (not smoked)
  • 1/2 tsp EACH ground cumin, coriander, cinnamon
  • 1/4 tsp nutmeg
  • 1/8 tsp EACH ground cloves, cardamom

7. Turkish Tulum Cheese comes in a can and tastes like feta but slightly less salty and lasts longer once opened. I got this from a Turkish grocery store. Sub with feta.
8. Dough – should be soft and a bit sticky, but not so sticky it gets stuck all over your hands. If it is, add a bit of flour. For stand mixer, dough should not be stuck on the walls of the bowl.
9. How to promote dough rising – One of my favourite places to proof dough is in my dryer!!! Draught proof, easy to heat up a small space. Just run it for a couple of minutes, put the bowl in, close the door and leave it. Just don’t turn it on!
10. Semolina – To replicate store bought pide which typically has semolina on the base for a bit of textural crunch. It’s optional. The idea with sprinkling it on the tray is to avoid getting it on the folded sides of the dough, we just want it on the base (as best we can!).
11. Finishes – any of these will work on any of the pide. Combinations I used:

  • Spinach Pide – Tulum (feta), sesame seeds, extra virgin olive oil
  • Turkish Sausage Pide – Tulum (feta), oregano, extra virgin olive oil
  • Lamb Pide – Tulum (feta), sesame seeds, sumac, coriander.

12. Egg option – This is a nice optional extra, a version of traditional Pide that is baked with an egg on top! The egg can be added to any of the toppings. I’ve pictured it on Spinach Pide. Crack the egg on and bake it for the last 5 minutes in the oven. The yolk won’t be runny, though if you’re really keen for runny yolk just delay the adding of the egg to the last 3 minutes of bake time.
13. Make ahead the day before: make the dough and do Rise 1. Then place the bowl in the fridge as is, ie do not punch it down. The dough will likely flatten. It can keep in the fridge for 2 days (probably longer, like other bread doughs). 
The day of, take dough out of fridge, cut, shape etc and do Rise #2 but add a layer of cling wrap on top of the damp tea towel. Plan to let it rise for 3 – 4 hours (time it will take for chill to come out of dough, then start rising). Proceed with recipe as written.
14. Nutrition per pide, for Spinach Pide.

Nutrition Information:

Calories: 812cal (41%)Carbohydrates: 105g (35%)Protein: 39g (78%)Fat: 27g (42%)Saturated Fat: 11g (69%)Cholesterol: 59mg (20%)Sodium: 1756mg (76%)Potassium: 1079mg (31%)Fiber: 8g (33%)Sugar: 4g (4%)Vitamin A: 13647IU (273%)Vitamin C: 41mg (50%)Calcium: 555mg (56%)Iron: 6mg (33%)

Life of Dozer

It was such a long shoot, he almost fell asleep under the shoot table waiting for a pide to fall on the floor! 😂

Dozer under shoot table Turkish Pide





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